Authority Commensurate With Responsibility 3

Teachings of Alister John Lowe Th.D.,Ph.D.  

Issue 27   March, 1995

Authority Commensurate With Responsibility   3

Synonyms and Antonyms for Authority
[English]

Order
Latin, ordo, an arranging, order. Methodical arrangement; regularity. Established method or process. Proper state; a law; a command.

Submission
Latin, submissus, which means made low, humble. From sub, under and missus, sent. The act of yielding to power or authority. Acknowledgement of inferiority, or dependence. Humble or suppliant behaviour. Resignation.

Subordinate
Latin, sub, under and ordinatus, arranged, set in order. Inferior in nature, rank or importance. Descending in a regular series. One who stands in rank or dignity below another, an inferior person.

Loyalty
French, loyal, from loi, law. Faithful to a prince or superior. True, devoted. A loyalist is a person who adheres to his sovereign, particularly in times of civil commotion.

Obey
Latin, ob, towards and audire, to hear. To comply with commands, orders or instructions of a superior: as a parent, a master, or a teacher. To yield submission to.

Witchcraft
Anglo Saxon, wicce, a witch. The practices or powers of a witch. Supernatural power, enchantment. A witch is a woman presumed to have supernatural power and knowledge by sup-
posed contact with evil spirits; a sorceress.

Rebellion
French, rebeller, to rebel, to revolt. Latin. rebellare, to rebel, from re, back or again, and bellare, to make war. One who makes war against constituted authorities: one who takes up arms against the authority of a government, to which he owes allegiance: open and avowed resistance to a government by force of arms. In Feudal Law
Law: One who disobeys his lord.

Chaos
Latin and Greek, a yawning gulf, immense void. The confused mass into which this earth is supposed to have existed prior to it being made a fit habitation for man. Any mixed or confused mass. Confusion; disorder.

Confusion
Latin, confusus, which means disordered. From con, and fusus, poured out, diffused. To mix or disorder things so that they can not be distinguished: to render indistinct: to perplex. To throw into disorder. To agitate by suprise or shame. Disorder: indisticntness: astonishment: distraction of mind.

Anarchy
Greek, a, without and arche, government: want of government. A state of lawless confusion in a country. An anarchist is one who attempts disorder or confusion in a country.

Iniquity
Latin, iniquitas, uneveness, injustice. From in, not and oequs, even, equal. Characterised by injustice, very unjust, wicked. Injustice, wickedness, marked departure from justice.

Lawlessness
Icelandic, lag, order, form, custom, law. From leggia, to lay. Anglo Saxon, lagu, what is laid or fixed, a law. A rule of action imposed by some authority or by the supreme power of a state. A statute. A rule of direction. A settled principle. A rule or axiom of science.

Authority
Legal power; rule; influence; credit.
Latin, auctor, an author. From augeo, I increase. One who creates or produces; a first mover; a writer of a book.

Power
French, pouvoir; Old French, pooir;
Italian, potere, power. Ability; capacity; strength; energy; faculty or energy of mind; influence; rule or authority; a sovereign; one invested with rule or authority, usually in the plural; a supernatural being or agent.

Official
Pertaining to or derived from the proper office or authority; done by virtue of authority. One invested with office. Latin, officium, service, duty, from opes, aid, help, and facere, to do. Italian, officio; French, office, office duty. Settled duty; employment; business; a house where commercial men transact their business.

Master
Latin, magister, a master or chief: Italian, maestro; Old French, maitre, a master. A man who has rule or government over others; a lord; a ruler; a chief;
a ruler; a chief; the head of a household; a director; an owner; a possesser; one very skilful in anything; one uncontrolled; a teacher or instructor; an employer; the commander of a merchant ship; an officer in a ship of war under the direction of the captain. To subdue; to conquer; to bring under control; to overcome.
 
Control
French, contrerolle, the copy of a roll of accounts, from contre, against, and role, a roll. To check by a contra-account; to restrain; to govern; to subject to authority.

Command
Latin, con, and mando, I order. Right, power, or authority over; an order or message with authority; a naval or military force under the authority of a particular officer.

Jurisdiction
Legal power or authority; the power or right of exercising authority; the district to which any authority extends. Latin, juridicus, relating to the administration of justice. From jus, law, and dico, I pronounce. Pertaining to a judge.

Judge
French, juge; Italian, giudice, a judge. From Latin, judex, a judge. The presiding officer in a court of law who awards punishment to offenders; a chief magistrate; one who has skill to decide on the merits or value of. That faculty of the mind which enables a man to ascertain truth by comparing facts and ideas.

Dominion
Supreme power or authority; territory or district governed by a prince; rule; control. Latin, dominans, ruling or bearing sway, from dominus, a lord. Italian, dominate; French, dominant, dominant, ruling. Having the power or rule; possessing the ascendancy; prevailing.

Rule
Latin, regula; Provencal, regla; French, regle, a straight piece of wood. Something established for guidance or direction; government; supreme command; control; a prescribed mode of operation by which certain results may be obtained.

Government
Control; restraint; the exercise of authority; the ruling power in a state; the principle or system under which a state is ruled. French, gouverner; Italian, governare; Latin, gubenare, to direct or govern. To direct and control; to regulate by authority; to command; to have influence or force. To exercise authority; to restrain. 
 
Restrain
Latin, restringere, to check, to restrain, from re, back, and string, I draw tight. Italian, restringere; French, restreindre. To hold back; to bind fast; to curb; to repress; to limit; to abridge.

Influence
French, influence; Italian, influenza, influence, power. Latin, influens, flowing into, from in, into, and fluo, I flow. Authority, sway; power of directing or modifying, seen or felt by its effects. To move or affect by moral force; to lead, or direct. Influential: exerting a directing or modifying power over the minds of men.

Persuade
Latin, persuadere, to persuade. From per, thoroughly, and suadeo, I advise. Italian, persuadere; French, persuader. To influence by advice or argument; to draw or incline a person by representing powerful motives to the mind; to convince by argument, or entreaty.

Ascendancy
Power; controlling influence. Latin, ad; scando, I mount up; scansum, to mount up. Italian, ascendere, to mount; to go up; to rise.

Prevail
Latin, proevalere, to be very powerful or superior. From proe, before, and valeo, I am strong. Italian, prevalere. French, prevaloir; to be in force; to overcome; to gain the victory or advantage; to have effect, power, or influence; to persuade or induce.

Sway
Dutch, zwaayen, to swing, to brandish: Icelandic, sviegja, to bend; Norman, svaga; Danish, svaie, to swing to and fro. To influence by power or force; to have influence; to bear rule; to govern.